The green card permanent resident status is one of the best things for immigrants after citizenship, it involves a lot of bureaucracy and long waits. Anybody who possesses the Green card permanent resident a.k.a. the alien registration card can live in the USA indefinitely, work, enlist in the armed forces or even start a business. The only thing that is not covered by the Green card is that you can neither vote or be voted for, you cannot receive government benefits and you can be deported if need be, but once you obtain your green card, you can apply for citizenship after 5 years.
This is one of the easiest ways to obtain the green card permanent resident status, the relative of yours must be a U.S citizen or a lawful permanent resident, you have to provide proof that you both are related and there must be proof that the relative can support you above the poverty line at 125%.
U.S. citizens may sponsor spouses or married or unmarried children. Foreign siblings and parents may be sponsored by an American citizen who is 21 or older. Permanent residents may sponsor a spouse or unmarried children. Sponsors should file an I-130, Petition for Alien Relative along with an Affidavit of Support.
After filing, you have to wait until an immigrant visa number is available to you when it is, you are expected to apply for it to be assigned to you, and the immigrant visa number is what you will use to apply for permanent resident status. If you are outside the USA when the visa number becomes available, go to the nearest U.S. consulate to complete the paperwork.
Green Card through a Job
An employer can sponsor the employee to get a green card if the employee possesses some special skills that are going to be beneficial to the USA, it is easy for people like Physicians, scientists, artists, professors, and executives of multinational companies to get the green card permanent resident approval through this means of getting the green card.
If your job description does not fit as a sort after a profession in the USA then you have to obtain labor certification before applying for the green card. This certification means that the department of labor has officially declared that there are no qualified Americans available to fill in the job position and that if you are hired, the wages of workers in the similar jobs will not be affected adversely. You can request certification by filing an application with the local state employment agency.
If a labor certification is approved, your employer then applies for a green card classification on your behalf. You can start working immediately the petition is approved by applying for interim travel and work authorization.
Diversity Visa Immigration
There may be more than 5 million names in the pot for the computer to choose from, but you can trust in your stars to win the green card in the US green card lottery which avails 50,000 eligible people from eligible countries to receive the US green card out of the millions of applicants. This program is designed to give countries that do not send a lot of immigrants to the USA the chance to send citizens that will become lawful U.S. residents.
Once you get your Green card permanent resident approved, carry it along with you anywhere you go for easy identification purposes, even though the permanent resident status is for life, the green card is meant to be renewed every decade before the expiry date.